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CBSE Class 9 Science Syllabus

by PW Gulf
August 30, 2023

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has consistently emphasized the importance of a well rounded education that fosters critical thinking, curiosity, and a solid understanding of various subjects. The CBSE Class 9 Science syllabus stands as a testament to this approach, as it not only imparts scientific knowledge but also encourages students to explore the world around them with a curious and analytical mindset.

CBSE Class 9 Science Syllabus: An Overview

The Class 9 Science syllabus is meticulously designed to lay a strong foundation in various scientific disciplines while promoting scientific inquiry and problem solving skills. The syllabus is divided into different units, each focusing on chapter wise weightage , Learning outcome, theories, and practical applications.

CBSE Class 9 Science Chapter Wise Weightage:

Unit No.UnitMarks
IMatter  Its Nature and Behaviour25
IIOrganization in the Living World22
IIIMotion, Force and Work27
IVFood; Food Production6
Total 80
 Internal Assessment20
Grand Total100


Complete CBSE Class 9 Science Syllabus for Board Exam 2024: Download PDF Here

Importance of the CBSE Class 9 Science Syllabus:

The CBSE Class 9 Science syllabus goes beyond rote memorization. It equips students with a holistic view of science, nurturing their innate curiosity and encouraging them to Q, investigate, and analyze. By offering a blend of theoretical knowledge and handson experimentation, the syllabus prepares students for the challenges of higher education and a future where scientific literacy is crucial.

CBSE Class 9 Science: Understanding the Complete Syllabus

The CBSE Class 9 Science syllabus is divided into various units, each covering specific topics. Let's take a closer look at the units and the topics included in the syllabus:

Unit IMatter  Nature and Behaviour
TopicsDefinition of matter
 States of matter: solid, liquid, gas
 Characteristics of matter: shape, volume, density
 Change of state: melting, freezing, evaporation, condensation, sublimation
 Nature of matter: elements, compounds, mixtures
 Particle nature and basic units: atoms, molecules
 Law of Chemical Combination
 Atomic and molecular masses
 Structure of atoms: electrons, protons, neutrons
 Valency, Atomic Number, Mass Number, Isotopes, Isobars
ThemeThe World of the Living
Unit IIOrganization in the Living World
TopicsCell as a basic unit of life
 Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
 Cell membrane, cell wall, organelles, cell inclusions
 Chloroplast, mitochondria, vacuoles, ER, Golgi apparatus
 Nucleus, chromosomes
 Tissues, Organs, Organ System, Organism
ThemeMoving Things, People and Ideas
Unit IIIMotion, Force and Work
TopicsMotion: distance, displacement, velocity
 Uniform and nonuniform motion, acceleration
 Distance Time and velocity time graphs
 Newton's Laws of Motion, Inertia, Momentum
 Gravitation, Universal Law of Gravitation
 Force of Gravitation (gravity), Weight
 Free fall, Thrust, Pressure, Archimedes' Principle
 Work, Energy, Power, Kinetic and Potential energy
 Conservation of energy, Sound, Propagation of sound
Unit IVFood Production
TopicsPlant and animal breeding and selection
 Use of fertilizers and manures
 Protection from pests and diseases
 Organic farming


CBSE Class 9 Science: Practical Syllabus






Experiment TitleUnit
1Preparation of:Unit-I
 a) True solution of common salt, sugar, and alum 
 b) Suspension of soil, chalk powder, and fine sand in water 
 c) Colloidal solution of starch in water and egg albumin/milk in water 
 (Distinguishing based on transparency, filtration criterion, stability) 
2Preparation of:Unit-I
 a) A mixture using iron filings and sulphur powder 
 b) A compound using iron filings and sulphur powder 
 (Distinguishing based on appearance, magnetism, solvent behavior, heat effect) 
3Classification of reactions as physical or chemical changesUnit-I
 a) Iron with copper sulphate solution in water 
 b) Burning of magnesium ribbon in air 
 c) Zinc with dilute sulphuric acid 
 d) Heating of copper sulphate crystals 
 e) Sodium sulphate with barium chloride solution 
4Preparation of stained temporary mounts of (a) onion peel, (b) human cheek cellsUnit-II
5Identification of Parenchyma, Collenchyma, and Sclerenchyma tissues in plants,Unit-II
 striped, smooth and cardiac muscle fibers, and nerve cells in animals, 
 from prepared slides 
6Determination of the melting point of ice and the boiling point of waterUnit-I
7Verification of the Laws of reflection of soundUnit-III
8Determination of the density of solid (denser than water)Unit-III
 using a spring balance and a measuring cylinder 
9Establishing the relation between the loss in weight of a solidUnit-III
 when fully immersed in a) Tap water, b) Strongly salty water with water displaced by it 
10Determination of the speed of a pulse propagated throughUnit-III
 a stretched string/slinky (helical spring) 
11Verification of the law of conservation of mass in a chemical reactionUnit-III


Learning Outcomes:

Upon completing the CBSE Class 9 Science syllabus, students are expected to:

Develop a deeper understanding of fundamental scientific concepts.

Cultivate critical thinking skills by exploring the scientific method and conducting experiments.

Gain insights into real-world applications of scientific principles in everyday life.

Foster a curiosity-driven approach to learning, encouraging independent exploration of scientific phenomena.

The CBSE Class 9 Science syllabus embodies the spirit of inquiry and discovery that lies at the heart of science. By offering a comprehensive and engaging curriculum, it lays the groundwork for students to become lifelong learners and critical thinkers. As students delve into the world of matter, motion, energy, and life processes, they not only gain academic knowledge but also develop skills that will serve them well in their academic and personal pursuits.

CBSE Class 9 Science Syllabus FAQs

Q1: What does the CBSE Class 9 science syllabus include?

Ans: The CBSE Class 9 Science curriculum encompasses a wide array of subjects, such as matter, living organisms, motion, forces, work, energy, sound, and more. It is structured into four units: Matter - Nature and Behaviour, The World of the Living, Moving Things, People, and Ideas, and Food.

Q2: Is the CBSE syllabus uniform across all states?

Ans: Yes, the CBSE syllabus remains consistent across all states in India. The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) employs a standardized curriculum to ensure uniformity and an equitable education experience for students, regardless of their geographical location.

Q3: How many chapters are typically present in the CBSE Class 9 science textbook?

Ans: The usual CBSE Class 9 Science textbook comprises around 15 chapters. These chapters are distributed across the previously mentioned four units: Matter - Nature and Behaviour, The World of the Living, Moving Things, People, and Ideas, and Food.

Q4: Is the 9th grade challenging in the CBSE curriculum?

Ans: The level of difficulty in 9th grade within the CBSE system can vary for each student. It introduces more intricate concepts compared to previous grades, necessitating the development of heightened critical thinking and analytical abilities. While some students might perceive it as demanding, dedicated studying, consistent practice, and seeking assistance when necessary can aid in surmounting these challenges.

Q5: How can one achieve a score of 95 in class 9?

Ans: To attain a score of 95 in class 9, follow these steps: Thoroughly review the syllabus - Revisiting the syllabus is essential before embarking on exam preparation. Understand the exam pattern - Familiarize yourself with the current CBSE exam pattern, which is determined by the latest syllabus. This understanding is crucial for effective preparation.


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