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CBSE Class 9 Science Syllabus 2023-24, PDF Download Link

by PW Gulf
November 11, 2023

CBSE Class 9 Science Syllabus 2024: CBSE Class 9 Science Syllabus for the academic year 2023-24 provides a detailed roadmap of what students will explore in their science curriculum. It breaks down the subject into units and gives an overview of each chapter within those units. The syllabus also specifies the marks allocated to each unit, forming the basis for designing the CBSE Class 9 exam paper.

Understanding this syllabus is crucial as it guides students in planning their studies effectively. It highlights the chapters to be covered and indicates their respective weightage in terms of marks. This insight is valuable for students aiming to perform well in their exams. Alongside the theoretical aspects, the CBSE Class 9 Science Syllabus also includes information on practical aspects, offering a comprehensive understanding of the subject.

To enhance academic performance, students in Class 9 are encouraged to familiarise themselves with the CBSE Syllabus for Class 9 Science. For convenient access, the complete syllabus in PDF format can be obtained by clicking on the provided link.

CBSE Class 9 Science Syllabus PDF Download

CBSE Class 9 students can download the CBSE Class 9 Science Syllabus 2023-24 simply by clicking once on the direct link provided below.


    CBSE Class 9 Science Syllabus  PDF Link

CBSE Class 9 Science Syllabus Highlights

The table below helps students get a brief overview of the CBSE Class 9 Science Syllabus:

CBSE Class 9 Science Syllabus Highlights





Released by

Central Board of Secondary Education

Academic Year


Subject Code


Marking Scheme

100 (80 marks theory + 20 marks Internal Assessments)

CBSE Class 9 Science Course Structure 2023-24

The table below outlines the units covered in the CBSE Class 9 Science Syllabus, along with the marks distribution of each unit.

CBSE Class 9 Science Course Structure 2023-24

Unit No.

Unit Name



Matter - Its Nature and Behaviour



Organisation in the Living World



Motion, Force and Work



Food; Food Production






Internal Assessment



Grand Total


CBSE Class 9 Science Syllabus Unit Wise

In the following section, students can clearly find the topics covered in each CBSE Class 9 Science Syllabus unit.

CBSE Class 9 Maths Syllabus Unit I: Matter-Nature and Behaviour

  •  Definition of matter; solid, liquid and gas; 

  • Characteristics - shape, volume, density; change of statemelting (absorption of heat), freezing, evaporation (cooling by evaporation), condensation, sublimation. 

Nature of matter:

  •  Elements, compounds and mixtures. 

  • Heterogeneous and homogenous mixtures, 

  • Colloids and Suspensions. 

  • Physical and Chemical changes (excluding separating the components of a mixture).

Particle nature and their basic units:

  •  Atoms and Molecules, 

  • Law of Chemical Combination, 

  • Chemical Formula of Common Compounds, 

  • Atomic and Molecular Masses. 

Structure of atoms: 

  • Electrons, protons and neutrons, 

  • Valency, Atomic Number and Mass Number, 

  • Isotopes and Isobars. 

CBSE Class 9 Maths Syllabus Unit II: Organization in the Living World Cell 


  • Basic Unit of Life: The cell is a basic unit of life; 

  • Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells, 

  • Multicellular organisms; 

  • Cell membrane and Cell wall, 

  • Cell organelles and Cell inclusions; 

  • Chloroplast, Mitochondria, Vacuoles, Endoplasmic Reticulum, 

  • Golgi apparatus; 

  • Nucleus, chromosomes - Basic Structure, 

Number. Tissues, Organs, Organ System, Organism: 

Structure and functions of animal and plant tissues (only four types of tissues in animals; Meristematic and Permanent tissues in plants). 

CBSE Class 9 Maths Syllabus Unit III: Motion

Force and Work Motion: 

  • Distance and displacement, 

  • Velocity; 

  • Uniform and Non-Uniform Motion along a straight line; 

  • Acceleration 

  • Distance-time and Velocity-time graphs for uniform and uniformly accelerated motion

  • Elementary idea of Uniform Circular Motion. 

Force and Newton’s laws: 

  • Force and Motion

  • Newton’s Laws of Motion 

  • Action and Reaction Forces 

  • The inertia of a body

  • Inertia and Mass

  • Momentum

  • Force and Acceleration. 


  • Universal Law of Gravitation, 

  • Force of Gravitation of the earth (gravity), 

  • Acceleration due to Gravity; 

  • Mass and Weight; 

  • Free fall. 


  • Thrust and Pressure. 

  • Archimedes’ Principle; 

  • Buoyancy. 

Work, Energy and Power: 

  • Work done by a Force, 

  • Energy, Power; Kinetic and Potential energy; 

  • Law of energy conservation (excluding commercial units of Energy). 


  • Nature of sound and its propagation in various media, 

  • Speed of sound, 

  • Range of hearing in humans; 

  • Ultrasound; 

  • Reflection of sound; 

  • Echo. 

CBSE Class 9 Maths Syllabus Unit IV: Food Production 

  • Plant and animal breeding and selection for quality improvement and management; 

  • Use of fertilisers and manures; 

  • Protection from pests and diseases;

  • Organic farming.

CBSE Class 9 Science Practical Syllabus

Conducting practical experiments with theoretical concepts is imperative for a comprehensive understanding. Below is a list of experiments to be undertaken:

Unit I: Chemical Processes

Preparation of Solutions and Suspensions

a) True solutions of common salt, sugar, and alum

b) Suspensions of soil, chalk powder, and fine sand in water

c) Colloidal solutions of starch in water and egg albumin/milk in water, distinguishing based on transparency, filtration criterion, and stability.

Identification of Mixtures and Compounds

a) Creating a mixture using iron filings and sulfur powder

b) Creating a compound using iron filings and sulfur powder, distinguishing based on appearance, magnetism, carbon disulfide behaviour, and heat response.

Classification of Reactions

Perform reactions and classify them as physical or chemical changes:

a) Iron with copper sulfate solution in water

b) Burning of magnesium ribbon in air

c) Zinc with dilute sulfuric acid

d) Heating of copper sulfate crystals

e) Sodium sulfate with barium chloride in water solutions.

Unit-II: Biological and Tissue Studies

Preparation of Stained Temporary Mounts:

a) Onion peel

b) Human cheek cells

Record observations and draw labelled diagrams.

Identification of Plant and Animal Tissues

Identify Parenchyma, Collenchyma, and Sclerenchyma tissues in plants, muscle fibres, and animal nerve cells from prepared slides. Draw labelled diagrams.

Unit-I: Physical Processes

  • Determination of Melting and Boiling Points

  • Determine the melting point of ice and the boiling point of water.

  • Acoustic Experiments

  • Verify the laws of reflection of sound.

Unit-III: Density and Properties of Matter

  • Determine the density of a solid denser than water using a spring balance and a measuring cylinder.

  • Establishing the relation between Loss in Weight and Immersed Solids

  • Establish the relation between a solid's weight loss when fully immersed in tap water and strongly salty water, using at least two solids.


Propagation of Pulses

Determine the speed of a pulse propagated through a stretched string/slinky (helical spring).

Chemical Reaction and Conservation of Mass

Verify the law of conservation of mass in a chemical reaction.

Prescribed CBSE Class 9 Science Textbooks

For the academic session 2023-2024, CBSE has recommended four textbooks to encompass the CBSE Class 9 Science syllabus. These prescribed books comprise the standard textbook, practical book, and exemplar, as outlined below.

  • NCERT Class 9 Science Textbook

  • Assessment of Practical Skills in Science published by CBSE  

  • Manual Science published by NCERT Publication  

  • Exemplar Problems published by NCERT

CBSE Class 9 Science Syllabus FAQs

Q1: How many marks is the Annual Examination for CBSE Class 9 Science, and what's the weightage for Internal Assessment?

Ans: The Annual Examination is of 80 marks, with 20 marks designated for Internal Assessment.

Q2: What is the Periodic Assessment in CBSE Class 9 Science, and how are the 5 marks for periodic tests calculated?

Ans: Periodic Assessment comprises three periodic tests; the average of the best two contributes 5 marks towards the final result.

Q3: How does Practical/Laboratory work factor into CBSE Class 9 Science evaluation, and what's the weightage for continuous Practical Assessment?

Ans: Practical/Laboratory work is ongoing, contributing 5 marks to the final result, and all listed practicals in the syllabus must be completed.

Q4: What is included in the CBSE Class 9 Science Portfolio, and how many marks does it carry towards the final results?

Ans: The Portfolio includes classwork and student samples, holding a weightage of 5 marks in determining the final results.

Q5: Why is it essential to maintain a record of Practical/Laboratory work in CBSE Class 9 Science, and what's the significance of completing all listed practicals?

Ans: Continuous Practical Assessment requires maintaining records, contributing 5 marks, and completion of all listed practicals is imperative for a comprehensive evaluation.

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