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NCERT Books for Class 12 Physics

by PW Gulf
September 28, 2023

NCERT has taken the initiative to develop updated syllabi and establish Textbook Development Teams for Class XII, with a specific focus on creating Physics textbooks in accordance with the revised guidelines and syllabi. It's important to note that every question appearing in the 2024 Board Exams will exclusively be sourced from the NCERT Class 12 Physics (Part I and II) Book PDF provided below. The novel question patterns, including Case-based Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs), are also aligned with the theoretical content presented in this NCERT Physics (Part I and II) PDF.

This book encompasses a comprehensive array of significant topics and fundamental concepts that are prescribed within the NCERT Curriculum and CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus. In recent times, there has been a noteworthy shift, with not only CBSE-affiliated schools but also institutions following various state boards opting to incorporate NCERT books into their academic curriculum for Class 12 studies.

CBSE Class 12 NCERT Books for Physics PDF - Free Download

For students pursuing Science in their 10+2 curriculum, physics stands out as a crucial subject. Nevertheless, due to the extensive syllabus, many students find themselves perplexed about where to begin with the chapters. In such a situation, a highly recommended approach is to commence your study journey by accessing the NCERT Class 12 Physics Book PDF.

NCERT Books For Class 12 Physics; Free PDF Download

The NCERT Class 12 Physics Book offers lucid explanations, solved illustrations, and practice exercises designed to elevate your grasp of concepts and problem-solving abilities. You can easily access and download the NCERT Class 12 Physics Book in both English and Hindi languages. Simply refer to the table below to obtain the download links for Physics Part 1 and Part 2 of Class 12 NCERT Books.

NCERT Books for CBSE Class 12 Physics PDF Free Download

Many alternative books are accessible in the market, yet most educators advocate the NCERT Class 12 Physics book due to its straightforward approach and precision. If you dedicate your best efforts to tackle all the exercises provided in NCERT Physics Class 12 Part 2 and Part 1, nothing can prevent you from achieving outstanding scores in physics. It is also the preferred study material endorsed by educators nationwide. Instructors choose it to assist students in establishing a strong foundation in any subject.

Every year, a multitude of students opt for NCERT Class 12 Physics book PDF downloads for their studies. It comprehensively covers both the theoretical and numerical aspects. Physics is an expansive field, encompassing numerous theories and their practical applications, all of which are well-explained within the text. Additionally, the NCERT Physics Class 12 PDF free download allows you to access study materials at your convenience.

The entire process of learning physics can become significantly more approachable and engaging with the NCERT Class 12 Physics PDF. Physics serves as an explanatory tool for understanding natural phenomena, the universe, and human inventions, making it a captivating subject in its own right.

Chapter 1: Electric Charges and Field

The initial chapter of the NCERT Class 12 Physics book delves deeply into the subject of electric charges and fields. It imparts essential knowledge about electrons and protons and how they influence the flow of electricity. Furthermore, this chapter elaborates on the concept of how opposite charges attract each other while similar charges repel.

In addition to these fundamental concepts, Chapter 1 also introduces the distinctions between conductors and insulators. Materials like the Earth, the human body, and copper are classified as conductors because they permit the free flow of electricity. The chapter also underscores the significance of earthing in this context.

Moreover, Chapter 1 offers a comprehensive exploration of Coulomb’s Law and Gauss’s Law. Towards the end of the chapter, there is an exercise designed to evaluate the knowledge acquired throughout the reading.

Chapter 2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance

The second chapter primarily concentrates on electrostatic potential and capacitance within various electric fields. This chapter incorporates numerous derivations and formulas that students must grasp to effectively address questions in this domain. Calculating the potential gradient of the external field is an integral aspect covered in the NCERT Physics Class 12 PDF.

While studying this chapter, students will also gain insight into the role of capacitors in storing electric charges. In essence, the chapter encompasses topics such as the distinction between charge and mass and the definition of an electric field.

Chapter 3: Current Electricity

Current electricity serves as a pivotal chapter within the NCERT Physics Class 12 Part 1 curriculum. In previous sections, students have explored the fundamentals of static electricity. However, this chapter delves into more advanced concepts, including electric resistivity, drift velocity, electric conductivity, and electric resistance, among others. Additionally, students will acquire a detailed understanding of Ohm’s law, Kirchhoff’s rules, and various related principles through this chapter.

Beyond theoretical content, this chapter includes various derivations and calculations that enable students to solve numerical problems pertaining to the subject matter.

Chapter 4: Moving Charges and Magnetism

The fourth chapter of the NCERT Class 12 Physics book encompasses several critical concepts, elucidating how moving charges are responsible for generating magnetism. Alongside a foundational understanding of magnetic force, students will explore topics such as Ampere’s Circuital Law and Biot-Savart’s Law.

Comprehending these topics contributes significantly to an overall grasp of the subject. Moreover, a substantial number of questions are often posed from this chapter, making it essential to master these concepts, which can yield favorable results in both board examinations and other vital assessments such as NEET and FMGE.

Chapter 5: Magnetism and Matter

The interplay between magnetism and matter is a pivotal topic within the NCERT Class 12 Physics textbook. Various substances exhibit magnetic properties when subjected to an electric field. This chapter provides a detailed overview of different types of magnets and their fundamental characteristics, including attractive and directive properties.

Similar to previous chapters, this one also introduces numerous fundamental laws that elucidate the underlying reasons behind these behaviors. Additionally, it offers insights into Earth’s magnetism, magnetic field lines, Gauss’s Law, and various related subjects.

Chapter 6: Electromagnetic Induction

Electromagnetic induction is a significant phenomenon wherein an electric circuit develops an electromagnetic force when connected to an electric flux. This topic is vital for Class 12 science students as it strengthens their foundational knowledge. Furthermore, it explores essential laws such as Faraday’s Law, Lenz’s Law, and Fleming’s right-hand rule, which shed light on the applications of electromagnetic induction.

The Physics Class 12 NCERT PDF focuses on key concepts like eddy currents, motional electromagnetic force, self and mutual induction, and their coefficients. Moreover, it elucidates how coils can be arranged in either parallel or series configurations to maintain a consistent electric flow.

Chapter 7: Alternating Current

In the preceding chapter, students delve into the realm of direct current. However, Chapter 7 provides a comprehensive explanation of alternating current (AC), which periodically changes direction. Based on this principle, AC motors, AC alternators, and transformers have been developed.

Chapter 8: Electromagnetic Waves

The NCERT Class 12 Physics book encompasses a variety of topics, including the comprehensive domain of electromagnetic waves. This category comprises diverse types of electromagnetic waves, including visible light, infrared, radio, ultraviolet, gamma-ray, X-ray, and microwaves, to name a few.

Within this chapter, students will encounter vital components such as Maxwell’s equations, displacement current, and the electromagnetic spectrum. Additionally, the chapter provides in-depth exploration of the sources, nature, and speed of electromagnetic waves. To facilitate comprehension and preparation for examinations, a selection of numerical and conceptual questions is included at the conclusion of the chapter.

Chapter 9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments

Ray optics and optical instruments serve as another crucial chapter within the Class 12 Physics NCERT book. By diligently following the NCERT 12 Physics book PDF, students will notice the interconnectedness of various physics topics and the importance of comprehending all concepts equally.

Prominent topics in this chapter encompass various properties of light, including reflection, refraction, optical instruments, spherical mirrors, and more. Similar to other physics chapters, this section incorporates fundamental formulas and diagrams. Given the foundational nature of these topics, it is essential to establish a profound understanding to excel in upcoming board examinations.

Chapter 10: Wave Optics

The tenth chapter of the NCERT Class 12 Physics book delves into the realm of wave optics, elucidating the innate behavior and properties of light waves. This topic delves into the phenomenon of ray tracing as a significant component.

To comprehend this subject effectively, students must familiarize themselves with Huygens Wave Theory and Maxwell's electromagnetic theory. Additionally, they will gain knowledge about various wavefronts, including spherical, cylindrical, and plane wavefronts. The chapter also explores the varying shapes of wavefronts and wave normals.

This chapter requires students to apply these theories and formulas to solve numerical problems, necessitating a clear grasp of the fundamentals.

Chapter 11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

The eleventh chapter of the 12th NCERT Physics PDF delves into the dual nature of matter and radiation. This segment introduces students to electron emission, the photoelectric effect, Hertz’s observations, Hallwachs’ and Lenard’s observations, among other concepts.

Furthermore, this chapter explores factors influencing photoelectric current, including intensity, frequency, and potential. Beginning with the particle nature of light and extending to the photoelectric effect, this chapter encompasses an array of topics. It also features numerous experiments that substantiate various theoretical claims.

Chapter 12: Atoms

Chapter 12 predominantly focuses on the physical aspects of atoms. It encompasses six sections, delving into topics such as the Bohr model, atomic spectra, Rutherford’s nuclear model, Dalton’s atomic model, and more.

Atoms serve as the fundamental units of matter; therefore, a comprehensive understanding of this chapter aids in comprehending the behavior of various substances. A critical component of this chapter is the Hydrogen Spectrum Series, which students must master.

Primarily based on these models, students can derive various properties of electrons, including velocity, frequency, potential energy, and more. Accessing the NCERT Physics Class 12 PDF enables students to tackle the associated questions effectively.

Chapter 13: Nuclei

Chapter thirteen of the NCERT Class 12 Physics book focuses on the nucleus, the central component of an atom. This chapter explores various aspects, including force, energy, kit size, and radioactivity properties, among others.

The chapter also emphasizes how different atoms exhibit diverse behaviors concerning nuclei. In the contemporary world, nuclear energy holds significant potential, especially as non-renewable energy sources diminish gradually. As mentioned earlier, the nucleus represents a critical component of an atom, bearing substantial energy.

Repeatedly engaging with these topics enhances students’ comprehension of physics, enabling them to excel in forthcoming examinations, particularly the CBSE finals.

Chapter 14: Semiconductor Electronics Materials Devices and Simple Circuits

Chapter 14 of the NCERT 12 Physics book delves into semiconductor electronics, materials, devices, and simple circuits. This chapter enables students to acquire a firm grasp of the classification of metals, insulators, semiconductors, and more.

The chapter explores topics such as semiconductor diodes and their potential as rectifiers. Similar to other chapters in the NCERT Physics Class 12 book, this segment incorporates a meticulously curated exercise that offers insight into the types of questions students may encounter in examinations.

Simple circuits represent a fundamental element for maintaining consistent electric flow, playing a crucial role in numerous essential mechanisms in daily life.

Chapter 15: Communication Systems

The study of communication systems comprises a pivotal segment of the NCERT Physics Class 12 Part 2 curriculum. Within this section, students gain an overview of key communication fundamentals, including receivers, channels, and transmitters.

Based on these concepts, students can extract valuable insights regarding amplitude modulation, medium bandwidth, and more. This chapter offers a comprehensive exploration of communication principles, enhancing students’ understanding of this vital subject matter.

Why Choose NCERT Books?

The NCERT Class 12 Physics book in PDF format is often regarded as the premier resource for physics studies in the 12th grade. You might be wondering what sets NCERT apart from other physics textbooks. Here are several factors that distinguish it:

Conceptual Learning: NCERT books, including the physics edition, share a common objective: to provide a thorough understanding of all topics. These books are authored by experts in the field, ensuring that students gain a deep comprehension of the subject matter. Consequently, students who study NCERT 12th physics can confidently tackle a wide range of questions, whether they are multiple-choice or concept-based.

Strong Foundation: NCERT physics chapters are meticulously designed to cater to the needs of various examinations. A significant proportion of questions in exams typically originate from these books. Thus, students who begin their studies with this book from the outset can establish a strong foundation in physics. This solid grounding empowers them to confront any question with confidence.

Problem-Solving Skills: At the conclusion of each chapter, students encounter exercises that challenge them to apply what they have learned. This practice enhances their problem-solving abilities, enabling them to tackle complex questions with ease.

Improved Communication: Thoroughly studying the NCERT Class 12 Physics book in PDF format can also enhance communication skills. The book employs a language that is both clear and standard, facilitating effective communication and comprehension.

For these compelling reasons, NCERT 12th Physics PDF is highly regarded among school students. Whether you are a student following the CBSE curriculum or another educational board, you can readily access the NCERT Physics Class 12 PDF for free download from our website.

NCERT Books for Class 12 Physics FAQs

Q1. Do questions come from NCERT for physics Class 12?

Ans. Yes, a significant number of questions in the Class 12 physics board examinations are based on the NCERT textbook. It is highly recommended to thoroughly study and practice questions from the NCERT book to perform well in the exams.

Q2. Which chapter is toughest in Class 12 physics?

Ans. The difficulty of chapters in Class 12 physics can vary from student to student. However, many students find chapters such as "Electromagnetic Waves" and "Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter" to be challenging due to their abstract and theoretical nature.

Q3. How to score 100 marks in physics Class 12?

Ans. Scoring 100 marks in Class 12 physics requires consistent and focused preparation. Here are some tips:

  • Study the NCERT textbook thoroughly.

  • Practice numerical problems regularly.

  • Understand the theoretical concepts and derivations.

  • Solve previous years' question papers and sample papers.

  • Seek help from teachers or tutors if you encounter difficulties.

Q4. Which are the most important chapters in physics 12?

Ans. While all chapters are essential, some chapters often carry more weight in terms of marks and concepts. These include "Electric Charges and Fields," "Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance," "Current Electricity," and "Electromagnetic Induction."

Q5. Which is the hardest chapter in physics?

Ans. The perception of the hardest chapter in physics can vary among students. Chapters such as "Electromagnetic Waves," "Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter," and "Nuclei" are commonly considered challenging due to their complex concepts and abstract theories. However, the level of difficulty can be subjective and may depend on individual strengths and interests.

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